Hypocalcemia: treatment and prevention

Hypocalcemia: treatment and prevention

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Hypocalcemia: what it is, what are the symptoms and causes. All the information you need on this page!

Hypocalcemia occurs when there is an abnormal decrease in blood calcium levels, that is, when calcium falls below 8oo mg in adults and 7oo mg in newborns. The effects of this condition vary based on how far below 8.5 it falls and how quickly it falls.

The most complex aspect of this disease lies in the fact that it can have serious repercussions on the quality of life of those who suffer from it, without knowing why. For this reason, on this page we will provide basic information to learn about hypocalcemia, so that we can intervene promptly.

Functions of calcium

Since we are talking about an extremely important mineral salt for the physiology of our body, hypocalcemia, if severe and prolonged, is a potentially serious pathology. Calcium plays an indispensable role for the health of our body:

  • Regularizes muscle contraction (including the heart muscle)
  • Promotes blood clotting
  • It helps certain hormones to perform their functions correctly within the kidneys and intestines
  • It regulates the transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contractions
  • It facilitates the activation of many basic enzymes in our body
  • It facilitates the internal functions of cell membranes, favoring the exchange of oxygen and nutrients
  • Promotes the absorption of an essential vitamin: vitamin B12.

Daily calcium requirement

The daily calcium requirement is as follows:

  • Adults is 800 mg
  • Elderly is 1000 mg
  • Teenagers and pregnant or breastfeeding women is 1200 mg

These values ​​are generally achievable through a common balanced diet. If the requirement is not met with the diet, it may be necessary to consume more foods that contain calcium.

Hypocalcemia, symptoms

Calcium deficiency manifests itself with some symptoms, including

  • Stress and anxiety it becomes difficult to concentrate, one feels confused, altered
  • Sensation of muscle tingling; discomfort is felt on the face and limbs
  • Tiredness, muscle cramps, numbness of the hands ...
  • Dental problems they tend to weaken
  • Weak hair; in some cases, alopecia problems
  • Dry skin
  • Eczema or dermatitis
  • Nails are particularly brittle
  • Palpitations

It should be emphasized that at the first alarm bells it is essential to contact your doctor. hypocalcemia can be quickly diagnosed with blood tests.

Hypocalcemia, causes

One of the most common causes of hypocalcemia is a lack of vitamin D. This condition has rather serious consequences: for example, imbalance of the parathyroid gland, which makes it more difficult to regulate calcium metabolism within the body.

There are many other causes that can lead to this pathology. Let's see them together

  • Chronic renal failure
  • Magnesium deficiency is another of the most common causes of hypocalcemia
  • Excessive consumption of diuretics, hormonal treatments, antibiotics. This condition can trigger problems in the synthesis of calcium in our body
  • Excessive consumption of caffeine or fizzy drinks

Hypocalcemia, treatments and care

The most appropriate treatment to combat hypocalcemia can only be evaluated by the specialist. Generally, it is fought through the administration of calcium supplements, ingested orally, and vitamin D. The aim is to keep calcium values ​​within normal limits.

Don't forget that calcium isn't only found in dairy products. This mineral is also present in some legumes, such as lentils or chickpeas. Other foods with a good calcium supply are: eggs, nuts, broccoli. For further information, you may be interested in reading the article: "Foods with Calcium"

In fact, to preserve the health of our body. just keep a varied and balanced diet, which includes all macro and micronutrients.

How to prevent hypocalcemia

It is good to underline a fundamental aspect: calcium supplements should never be taken spontaneously. This decision is up to your doctor alone. Self-prescription is very dangerous and not recommended. And by the way, it makes no sense to increase calcium levels through supplements without a valid reason.

To prevent hypocalcemia, it is essential to meet your needs for vitamin D and magnesium. Furthermore, daily physical exercise should not be neglected; even a simple 30 minute walk may be enough. Take advantage of the sun's rays to fill up on vitamins.It is also good to take care of the health of your thyroid, since this gland also performs important functions for our body.

Video: The Danger State of TOO Much CALCIUM!! - (May 2022).