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Cystitis: causes, symptoms and treatment. What are the most effective remedies and useful recommendations for preventing and treating urinary tract infection.
Cystitis is one of the most common urinary tract infection disorders. It is generally caused by Escherichia coli, a bacterium that infects the urethra and bladder, triggering painful symptoms.
Cystitis can affect both women and men but women are the most exposed to the infection; the female bladder is more vulnerable to bacterial contagion.
The characteristic symptoms allow us to identify the pathology with little difficulty. These are:
- Frequent need to urinate
- Pelvic pain or burning when urinating
- Feeling of irritation or reduced urination
- Traces of blood in the urine
- Dark, strong-smelling urine
- Pain that goes from the lower back to the pelvic region
- Sensation of pressure in the lower abdomen
- Light fever
In case of mild cystitis, the symptoms subside after a few days but to promote healing it is good to follow some precautions. If the symptoms last longer than 4 days, it is good to consult a specialist.
Treatment against cystitis involves taking antibiotic and anti-inflammatory drugs. In many cases, however, the symptoms can also be cured with small lifestyle changes. Indeed, following certain healthy habits helps prevent the onset of bladder irritation. Here are some remedies for cystitis and some helpful recommendations for relieving symptoms.
Increase your water consumption
To prevent and treat cystitis, it is important to drink plenty of water. Not everyone knows that dehydration is one of the factors that most affect the onset of this disorder and other problems of the urinary system.
When there is little liquid supply to the body, the kidneys slow down their functions and do not produce enough urine. As a result, the environment inside the bladder creates an imbalance in the vaginal flora.
That said, our recommendation is to drink around eight glasses of water a day. In addition to water, it is preferable to follow a diet that includes natural juices, broth or infusions.
Follow a healthy diet
Although cystitis is mainly triggered by the proliferation of bacteria, some substances can promote or worsen symptoms. To heal quickly, it is best to limit spicy foods as much as possible, therefore it is best to avoid pepper and chilli. Besides desserts, cheeses, sausages and alcohol are also not recommended. Not even caffeine, smoking and all types of carbonated drinks are suitable for those suffering from cystitis
Do not hold back urine
Urine helps to expel bacteria accumulated in the urinary tract. Holding urine for a long time can trigger this infection. Urinating, in fact, helps eliminate bacteria present in the bladder and keep the pH of the urinary system balanced. Our recommendation is to urinate every two to three hours. If the body requires it first, do it. It is also advisable to free the bladder before and after sexual intercourse.
Take care of intimate hygiene
Poor intimate hygiene can cause recurrence of cystitis. Up to 80% of the bacteria responsible for this disorder can result from improper cleaning of the genital area. Our recommendation is to wash from front to back. By washing from back to front, bacteria can spread to the urinary tract and this bad habit is associated with the risk of cystitis and urinary tract infections. It is also useful to avoid pants that are too tight, use delicate intimate cleansers, avoid wearing a wet swimsuit in the pool or at the sea. Use only cotton linen to avoid creating an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. Also choose a correct size: briefs that are too tight heat the intimate area and increase humidity.
Drinking unsweetened cranberry juice is one of the best known natural remedies for treating urinary tract infections. Thanks to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, cranberry juice prevents bacteria from adhering to the urinary tract, thus preventing infections. It is not a miracle drink, but it helps to regulate the pH of the urine and facilitates the expulsion of bacteria.
Our recommendation is to drink cranberry juice twice a day. As a prevention, consume it at least three times a week to prevent it.
By combining cranberries with probiotics, cystitis can be treated and prevented even more effectively. Probiotics can promote a healthy balance of the good bacteria present in the intestine. They are available in supplement form or can be found in fermented foods, such as kefir, kimchi, kombucha, and yogurt.