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How to care for indoor plants: from the amount of light to air changes, from pruning to irrigation (preferably with rainwater), here are all the care to be devoted to plants grown at home.
The indoor plants need care continue, season after season and month after month.
When we talk about indoor plants we are referring to very different species, but which have one thing in common: they are forcedto grow in pots. All the plants that grow in jar they need more care because they cannot count on the immense wealth offered by the soil; the nutrients contained in a few kilograms of soil, even if properly fertilized, will never be comparable to the nutrients naturally contained in the open ground, perhaps in the natural habitats of your plants.
If during the summer you need to pay more attention to irrigation and pruning, during the winter we can follow a simple prophylaxis that allows us tocurethe bestindoor plants… With the exception, then, for those plants grown in air-conditioned rooms!
At any time of the year it is necessary to keep the temperature, light exposure and transpiration of the walls under control, making these parameters always favorable and compatible with the development of ourhouseplant. In winter, summer, spring or autumn, there are some simple rules to follow to keep them alive tooindoor plantsmore delicate.
How to care for indoor plants
The plant should never be placed near radiators in winter or under cold air in summer. In these areas of the house, the air is too dry and limits the transpiration of theplantcausing the leaves to fall.
If you really have little space, try to counterbalance dry air with higher humidity but be careful, indoor humidifiers are not enough! You will therefore have to increase the frequency of irrigation and increase the humidity present in the atmosphere with two simple strategies:
- Mist or sprinkle water on the leaves of the plant.
- Place a few clay balls with water in the saucer.
For care for houseplants in winter, take them to the brightest place in the house, making sure that they do not shadow each other. If you prefer to take the plants outside starting from spring, do it gradually, theindoor plantsthey can be very sensitive to thermal shocks.
Remember that in the winter months it is best to avoid anypruningon indoor plants. At the most, limit yourself to eliminating dead or malformed branches but do not remove anything green and florid. There pruning of indoor plants it should generally be postponed in early spring or early in autumn.
In winter it is best to avoid fertilizing as theplants, including those indoors, they experience a period of rest. If yourshouseplantit is particularly delicate, perhaps it may need a fertilizer even in the coldest months, in this case use a specific fertilizer. Theindoor plantsthey can be fertilized from spring to autumn, by administering fertilizer, for the last time, between the months of October and November.
As well as near radiators and air jets from conditioners (cold or hot air) you should avoid placing houseplants near the entrance, where sudden drafts could cause premature fall of the leaves.
Indoor plants, care and advice on cultivation
Ideally, you should keep yoursindoor plants, away from heat sources, away from jets of air (cold or hot) and in large rooms. The larger the rooms, the more air they contain: it is necessary to ensure good air circulation for the plants. For this reason, avoid that the leaves can rest or stay too close to a wall or a window.
Remember, every time you water the plant, to make a half rotation to the pot: only in this way can you guarantee uniform growth by making sure that all the leaves receive, in turn, the light from the nearest window.
Natural light must not be missing because only this can guarantee the plant the right wavelength to carry out photosynthesis.
It is essential to ventilate the room in order to eliminate stagnant air, regulate humidity and allow good ventilation of the plant. If the vegetation is too dense, you should sacrifice some jets or some plants, just in order to favor the exchange of air around each branch of your indoor plant.
How to clean plant leaves
Just as on the furniture, even on the leaves of your plants dust is deposited, remember to dust them gently using a damp cloth. For all the detailed instructions, I refer you to the guide:how to clean the leaves.
Diseases of indoor plants
If the ideal conditions listed above are met, the plants will not be at risk of contracting diseases. In the case of houseplants with yellow leaves, give a fertilizer capable of providing nitrogen and chelated iron, such as ox blood.