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Organic architecture, increasingly environmentally friendly and able to fit into the natural context without disturbing too much the pre-existing equilibrium. It's not just a question of aesthetics, we talk of materials and energies. L'organic architecture indeed opposes the idea of aesthetic research as an end in itself, recriminates its own independence from all classicism and feels free to interpret any theme and any type of building o intervention that from time to time is requested trying to do it in full harmony with nature.
Organic architecture: definition
With this term we want to define that branch of modern architecture that focuses everything on harmony between man and nature and aims to create a new way to make man and nature coexist, to create balance between built environment and natural environment. To do this, it uses various types of elements, both artificial, man-made and natural, made available by nature on site.
Organic architecture: principles
The idea of organic architecture is closely linked with that of an organic society. You want in fact, create a new balance between man and the environment changing the way of building but also the way of living. In the first context, the architectural one, there are guiding principles to act, very clear and concrete. For example, it is necessary to minimize partitions and create harmony of the building with the external environment making the house more free and habitable.
In building the proportions must also be logical for internal and external openings, better then avoid combinations of different materials and instead organically incorporate the systems as interreactive elements in the building structure. Also the furniture, in organic architecture, must absolutely become an integral part of the building
Organic Architecture: Wright
Frank Lloyd Wright is held unanimously the founder of Organic Architecture. "Form and function are one" he claimed. In the writings he left us, he explained "by Organic Architecture I mean an architecture that develops from the inside to the outside, then harmony with the conditions of his being , distinct from an architecture that is applied from the outside ... work well for the Cause of Architecture ... "
Organic architecture in Italy
If Frank Lloyd Wright is the most significant personality for organic architecture, together with Bruce Goff and to Finnish Alvar Aalto, in Italy we have Paolo Soleri who founded Arcology in the United States, a syntactic fusion of the two words architecture and ecology. Important exponents of organic architecture are Bruno Zevi who he founded in 1945 in Rome together with Luigi Piccinato, Mario Ridolfi, Pier Luigi Nervi and others, the Association for Organic Architecture, and then Giovanni Michelucci and Aldo Loris Rossi.
Organic architecture and mushrooms
A curious example of organic architecture that has jumped in the eyes of many, even non-industry, is those of mushroom constructions. The idea was a student from Brunel University, UK, Aleksi Vesaluoma, proposing the use of mushrooms in the field of design and construction. Mushrooms become building material, they are shaped and worked to create long pipes and structural shapes which, with the help of the London architectural studio Astudio, allowed the construction of the Grown Structures.
Even more surprising and curious is the fact that the mushrooms that grow in the facility can be collected and eaten. This is one of the best known and most innovative examples of organic architecture which shows that there are still many avenues to be explored to obtain increasingly sustainable and zero-impact buildings.
Organic architecture: examples
Let's take a step back from the innovative building mushrooms to admire one of the first and most important examples of organic architecture, the prairie houses by master Wright.
This branch of architecture has given birth to also fueled other disciplines such as bioclimatic, sustainable and alternative architecture and bio-architecture, more and more requests and studies given the need to impact as little as possible on the already mistreated environment in which we have built so far.
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