Climbing honeysuckle

Climbing honeysuckle

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Climbing honeysuckle: cultivation, care and description of the plant. Botanical characteristics and other similar species, with fragrant and climbing flowers.

Theclimbing honeysuckle(Lonicera caprifolium) is a medium-sized plant that is appreciated for its fragrant flowers. It belongs to the botanical family of Caprifoliaceae. We are talking about a woody shrub with a climbing trend.

In fact, talk aboutclimbing honeysuckleit is not correct: the plant is of the lianosa type, that is, it has a liana structure. The biological form of this species is botanically defined as lianosa phanerophyte. We commonly call itclimbing honeysucklebecause like other climbing plants, also thehoneysuckle Lonicera caprifolium it is unable to stand autonomously and for this reason it needs a wall, a railing or another support where it can “climb” and thrive.

Lonicera caprifolium

This species is native to southwestern Europe and subsiberian areas. It is assumed that a very distinct range (but not enough to represent a species in itself) is native to the Black Sea coasts.

Today the species is widespread throughout Europe, in Asia Minor and the Caucasus. It grows spontaneously in our country and can naturally form hedges, also in combination with other plants such as chestnut and Turkey oak.

There are several species of Lonicera, and several varieties of the Lonicera caprifolium species (popularly known as climbing honeysuckle or common honeysuckle). The varieties have persistent leaves and flowers with different colors (therefore the varieties selected by the Lonicera caprifolium species areevergreen).

The varieties selected by the nurseries are evergreen climbing honeysuckleschosen to cover walls, create pergolas or natural hedges.

Climbing honeysuckle: characteristics

The drums areclimbing plantsand fickle: in nature they envelop themselves to other trees or shrubs. The plant can reach 5 meters in extension and, especially in the initial phase, has afast growth.

The young stems are covered with hair (pubescent) while the more mature ones take on a brown-greenish color.

The leaves are bright green, they grow opposite. The leaf blade is very consistent. A characteristic of this plant is heterophyllia: on the plant there are leaves of different shapes based on the maturity of the shoots.

The flowers are very fragrant. White with red variations. The plantblooms from May to July. Flowering is long and abundant.

Theclimbing honeysuckle it is a plant generous and with its fragrant flowers it attracts butterflies (both diurnal and nocturnal like moths). They can attract large hymenoptera such as bumblebees and bees that manage to collect the nectar contained in the long tube with the corolla.

After flowering, theclimbing honeysuckledevelops fruits: fleshy, oval, bright red or orange berries. The fruits (berries) are poisonous and contain some discoid seeds. Each berry is approximately 8mm in size.

Is honeysuckle a climbing evergreen?

There are severalclimbing honeysuckles and some deciduous (which shed their leaves in winter) and others evergreen. Before purchasing, find out if it is the species and ask clear questions about the variety, so as to understand if it is an evergreen or stripping climbing plant. For a general overview of the different species of honeysucklefromcultivatein the garden or in pots, please refer to the in-depth analysis dedicated to the genus: lonicera.

If it is not the L. caprifolium species, pay close attention because some species can reach important dimensions. Some species are native to the Middle East and the Americas, it is also advisable to inquire about climate issues. For example, those who live in the North might prefer the Lonicera x heckrottii species, as it is more resistant to low temperatures (down to - 10 ° C).

Cultivation and care

The plant is very rustic and does not need any details care. Ideally, the exposure should be sunny or in partial shade, perfect for full sun. When the plant doesn't have enough light or is grown in shade, it may produce few flowers or not bloom at all. The roots of the plants should be permanently shaded while the foliage exposed to light (partial shade or in full sun). To shade the roots, mulch can be done with straw.

Before planting, a deep tillage of the soil is recommended to bury manure or well-mature compost.

Video: Planting fruit trees and bushes on the Allotment (May 2022).